What is HTLV-1
The full form of HTLV is human T-lymphotropic virus. HTLV family of the virus is among the group of retroviruses. This group of retroviruses can cause cancer which is known as adult T-cell leukaemia and a demyelinating disease which is known as the HTLV-1. The persons infected with HTLV-1 will develop a rapid fatal of leukaemia.
There is no licensed vaccination present today for the disease. This disease is spreading in Australia as well as in other countries in a greater amount according to the scientists. It is mainly found in the rural parts of Australia. There is a link to this deadly virus with the HIV. There is an urged action for fighting the high prevalence in the rural parts of Australia.
The discovery of HTLV-1 took place in the year of 1980. But the interest of the scientist was on HIV. HIV was a far most prevalent virus and so scientists have interest.
According to the Verdict of Imperial College’s National Centre for Retrovirology
The Imperial College’s National Centre for Retrovirology claims that HTLV-1 is a distant cousin of HIV. According to Imperial College’s National Centre for Retrovirology there are many areas of its widespread. The areas include Saharan Africa, The Caribbean, Central Australia and Latin America.
The major awareness drive cuts the transmission rate by 80 percent in Japan in the last 20 years.
HTLV-1 can trigger the leukaemia or a chronic inflammation involving the central part of the nervous system. It may lead to paralysis of legs even. It also causes bronchiectasis (enlargement of lungs) in some of the badly affected Australian communities. This can lead to coughing up of blood.
According to the National Institute of health
HTLV-1 is the first human retrovirus whose discovery took place. According to the National Institute of Health, It mainly affects the white T-cells. T-cells are a type of white blood cells. It is sometimes referred as the cousin of HIV. The virus even has the capability of damaging the lungs.
It is present in many countries but an isolated cluster of cases are there in the central parts of Australia. The current prevalence rate of Central Australia exceeds by 40 percent. The infection is present in 20 million people according to an estimation of National Institute of Health.
During their lifetime, approximately 90 percent remain carriers of asymptomatic among the infected ones.
How the spreading of disease takes place
There may be no effective cure or treatment of the disease similar to that of the HIV. It mainly spreads through unprotected sex, contaminated blood as well as breast milk. Symptoms may be visible after 30 years of infection.